Dr. Patricia SANMARTÍN

Departamento de Edafoloxía e Química Agrícola
Facultade de Farmacia. Pavillón A - Soto. Campus Vida
Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (USC)
15782 Santiago de Compostela (A Coruña)
Ph. : +34 881814984
email: patricia.sanmartin@usc.es 

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5733-8833
Scopus Author ID: 26534910200 

Editorial Board Member of Heritage, international, peer-reviewed, open access journal published since 2018 by MDPI.

Guest Editor of Coatings, international, peer-reviewed, open access journal published since 2011 by MDPI. 
JCR Impact Factor: 2.330 (2018); 7/20 (Q2) in the JCR category “Materials Science, Coatings and Films”
Special Issue "Coatings on Built Heritage and New Build"

  Research Experience

My major research interests include stone cultural heritage microbiology, biofilm at the stone/air interface, bioreceptivity and the development of innovative environmental technologies aimed at managing, assessing and mitigating natural and human impacts on stone heritage in the context of global change. Much of my research involves the interactions and exchanges between biosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere and anthroposphere in stone cultural heritage materials.

I started working and conducting research in the field of cultural heritage conservation science with contemporary art materials in collaboration with the Galician Centre of Contemporary Art (CGAC) under a Research Collaboration Grant, MEC (2003-2004) at the USC Dept. Physical Chemistry; after that, with materials for protecting and consolidating heritage stone under a Third-Cycle Research Fellow, Xunta de Galicia (2006-2007) at the USC Dept. Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry.

During my PhD studies (2007-2012) as an FPI researcher at the USC Dept. Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, I undertook extensive research on the early detection of damage based on the quantitative determination of colour of biological colonization on rocks, with special focus on granite, to obtain further knowledge about the developmental stages of subaerial biofilms (SABs). I completed three grant-supported doctoral research stays at the universities of Alicante (2008 and 2009) and Milan (2010), broadening my knowledge of heritage microbiology and biofilms and optical technologies applied to cultural heritage. Studied a variety of cases mostly involving cyanobacteria, pioneering organisms on lithic substrates. The studies have greatly advanced the understanding of the role of different environmental parameters on SAB formation. My PhD thesis (cum laude with European Doctor Mention) is a compendium of eleven papers, which received the Extraordinary PhD Award (with the highest score) from the Faculty of Pharmacy, USC, and the Best PhD dissertation in Science and Technology Research Prize awarded by the County Council of Pontevedra.

In 2012, I was accepted at Harvard University, selected as a Barrié Foundation Research Fellow and awarded a postdoctoral contract from the Xunta de Galicia. Between 2012 and 2015, I worked at Harvard University and the University of Milan as Principal Investigator (PI) on the BioRemoGraf project, aimed at developing a complete methodology for using microorganisms to remove graffiti from construction materials, and have published pioneering studies in this field. My studies remain the only ones obtaining successful results regarding the bioremoval of graffiti. For this work I received the Best Professional Career Award at the 3rd Meeting of Young Researchers Abroad (INIBIC).

I have participated in the COST action ‘COSCH-Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage’ between 2012 and 2016. In mid-2015, I returned to the USC with a one-year contract for return from the Xunta de Galicia, then under a Juan de la Cierva-Incorporation contract and later a postdoctoral contract from the Xunta de Galicia. During this most recent period (2016-2019), I began research on the effect of public lighting on the biological colonization of the built heritage, working as PI on developing lighting-based strategies to control biological colonization and to manage the chromatic integration of biofouling at laboratory scale (Light4Heritage project).

In July 2019, I have received the I3 Certificate - awarded for an outstanding research track, in accordance with the I3 Program of the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (MICINN). A year earlier, I had received the Galician counterpart certification by the criteria describe in BOE-A-2005-14601 from ACSUG (Agency for Quality Assurance in the Galician University System). 

Since fall 2019, I am a short-term research associate at University of Oxford.

  Teaching Experience (as Lecturer and Supervisor) 

I have solid experience in teaching subjects related to environmental science, geology, and soil science, with 570 hours of teaching in the Teaching Organization Plan (POD) from University of Santiago de Compostela, at BSc and MSc levels, obtaining 3 very good ratings (score > 4.5, out of 5) and 4 good ratings (score 3.7-4.5, out of 5) in the students’ assessment of teachers. I have received the accreditation required for a Tenured Associate Professor Position (Profesor Contratado Doctor) from ANECA in 2013.

I have supervised 10 Masters theses and 10 End-of-course projects in Italy and Spain, contracted a postdoctoral research assistant and a PhD assistant, and currently am cosupervising 2 PhD students (one FPI associated).